Volume 4 Issue 3 (July 2019)

July 2019

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The Effect Of Discovery Learning – Based Teaching Material By Utilizing Traditional Game On Mathematic Abilities Of The 2nd Graders Of Elementary School

Sam Isnardiantini Budi Usodo H.Soegiyanto
Pages: 269-274

The objective of research was to find out the effect of discovery learning-based mathematic teaching learning by utilizing traditional games on utilizing traditional game on multiplying and dividing abilities of the 2nd graders of SD Negeri Badran and SD Negeri (Public Elementary School No.02 of Kerten). This study was an experimental quantitative research. The subject of research was the 2nd graders of Public Elementary Schools in Surakarta in the school year of 2017/2018. The result of the limited try out of instructional materials gets the average of 79,51%. The result of the instructional materials wide material’ test has the average of 82,94% . The result of research showed tstatstic of 2.490 >2 t table = 1,997 for experiment group at significance level of 0.5%, so that there is a significant improvement. Thus, discovery learning based-mathematic teaching material utilizing traditional games can improve the students’ multiplying and dividing abilities significantly

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The Effects of Social Gender Equality-Oriented Educational Activities and Materials on Gender Stereotypes of Children

Pages: 275-287

It is frequently stated that stereotypes and cultural values about gender roles are effective in children’s adoption of sexual identities, shaping of their emotions, thoughts, and behaviors in accordance with their sexual identities and the construction of their gender roles. By creating learning environments where roles that will satisfy the needs of modern life developed independently from gender stereotypes, preschool teachers can help structuring perceptions of children on gender equality. In this context, it is considered that preschool education program should be enriched with educational materials and activities to improve a point of view related to gender equality in early childhood period. In this research, it is aimed to investigate the effects of educational activities and materials for gender equality on the gender stereotypes of children in preschool period. The research was conducted as an experimental field study with experimental and control groups. The study group consists of 84 children aged 5 in an independent kindergarten in İzmir. It was found that there was a significant difference between the posttest scores of the experimental and control groups in terms of tasks/jobs, professions, toys, games, hobbies and emotions after the implementation of the education program supporting gender equality.

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Early Mathematics Teaching Profiles

Pages: 288-302

Responding to the scarcity of research on early mathematics teaching profiles, this article reports on a novel assessment approach to identifying characteristics of early mathematics teaching occurring in early childhood settings. The new approach uses the interplay between teachers’ content knowledge in mathematics, knowledge of students and learning, and knowledge of how to teach mathematics effectively during the course of early mathematics as a proxy to identify quality of mathematics instruction provided. In this study, 210 pre-kindergarten to 3rd grade teachers in a large public school system in the Midwest were observed as they taught mathematics. The descriptive results revealed that the quality of mathematics instruction varies considerably among early childhood teachers. Some teachers are identified as delivering high quality mathematics instruction because they provide students with opportunities to fully and purposefully engage in deepening their understanding of important mathematics concepts, whereas others are rated as far lower in quality, because their mathematics teaching is procedural in terms of content emphasized and instructional strategies used. As a whole, observed quality of mathematics teaching was revealed to be mediocre. Implications of results for early math professional development are discussed.

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A Study on Awareness of Social Rights and Privileges for Women among the Female Understudy Educators

Vinnaras Nithyanantham Rekha N
Pages: 303-309

The aim of the current study is to determine on awareness of social rights and privileges for women among the Female Understudy Educators. The Indian Constitution has sanctioned the State to implement measures in favor of women for nullifying the collective socio-economic, educational and political shortcomings faced by them. Anti-social activities against women: dowry, sexual harassment and other deaths are recorded each day in Indian newspapers, according to the national crimes statistics bureau. Who will become the instruments for justice? It is none but the teachers, the women teachers. To instill proper values and to bring awareness to the younger generation, the teachers must be sensitized at first. The women who aspire for teaching profession must get proper knowledge, understanding and awareness regarding rights and privileges of Indian women. So, the investigator initiated to the present study on awareness of Female Understudy Educators regarding rights and privileges for women. The sample for study is selected from Female Understudy Educators in Chennai city Teacher Training Educational Institutions. The sample counted in Female Understudy Educators selected randomly from B.Ed Integrated and B.Ed Normal courses. From the present study the investigators could infer that, the Female Understudy Educators need more awareness related to personal, familial and social life. Even though there was moderate and high level of awareness for 92 per cent of the sample, eight per cent of the sample had low level of awareness. If the present trainees or the future teachers get awareness on social issues, they can impart this awareness to all the female students. It is essential that every citizen of India, especially every woman must have awareness about the constitutional and legal rights.

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Learning together assisted with of 7-in-1 box: Creating Effectiveness of Mathematic Learning outcomes of Elementary School

Pages: 310-319

The implementation of learning model along with the manipulative tools is a key of achievement of mathematic learning. The combination of learning together model and manipulative tool of 7 in 1 box is one of options for teacher in teaching mathematic in elementary school, because it has great effect of learning outcomes. This study aims to find out the effectiveness of learning together model assisted with 7 in 1 box toward the result of mathematic learning on 4rth grade students of SDN Gugus Bisma. This is a quasi experimental study using nonequivalent pretest-posttest control group design. The population of 4th grade students of SDN Gugus Bisma was 135. Meanwhile, the sampling was conducted by using cluster sampling and it was obtained that 4th grade students of SDN 1 Sokawera as many as 30 students as experiment class and 4th grade of SDN 3 Sokawera as 25 students as control class. Data analysis by using z-test, gain and N-gain test, t-test. From the result of z-test it was obtained that z-table =1,64, on experiment class (z-score = 3,16) and control (z-score = 2.89). the result of analysis of gain test shows that the gain value of experiment class=22 and control class=15, meanwhile N-gain test shows that N-gain of experiment class= 0.58 and control class =0.40. both class show the increase of learning outcome of medium category. From T-test it was obtaine t-score (4.41) > t-table (1.705), thus Ho was rejected. The conclusion shows that the implementation of learning together assisted with 7 in 1 box effective in increasing the study result of mathematic on 4th grade students of SDN Gugus Bisma.

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Developing Lup Instrument Test to Measure Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Bloomian for Senior High School Students

Lilis Erfianti Edi Istiyono Heru Kuswanto
Pages: 320-329

The study aims to developing lup instrument test for measurng higher order thinking skills of students in physics learning. The 4D stage of the model consists of define, planning, design, and disseminate stages. The assessment instrument was developed based on HOTS indicators include the ability to analyze (C4), evaluate (C5), and creat (C6). The test form is a reasoning multiple choice. Subject of this research were all student of XI MIA 1 and XI MIA2 on 2nd semester at SMA Negeri 1 Depok in academic year of 2017/2018. Result of this research are: 1) the higher order thinking skills test instrument proved valid and worthy of use in the learning process. Based on expert validation, the test is valid with Aiken V index value of 0.89, the average value and standard deviation of INFIT MNSQ is 1.01 ± 0.09, and has a good degree of difficulty with a range of difficulty levels between -1.29 to 1.35. The higher order thinking skills test can also be used to measure students higher order thinking skills in physics learning with very low to excellent categories.

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Self-Perspective of 21st Century Educators: A Challenge in The Globalised Educational World

Vinnaras Nithyanantham Robinson Paulmony Shahzad Ramadan Hasan
Pages: 325-333

In the contemporary techno world the role of a teacher is multi challenged. The role of the teacher is challenged, as the students of present age are gathering ideas from all around. The students are expected to be an all-rounder in every walks of their life. Thus, the role of a successful teacher in teaching the students accordingly should be multi-faceted. In order to fulfil the need of the today’s learners the teacher must be a self-creator of the curriculum based on the situation presented at the classroom. The 21st century educators can be an excellence in their self-perspectives to sense the world and make all the students feel to move around. Excellence is not a skill, but it is the attitude of a person that must be the part of every educators. This study focuses on self-perspective of the educators in the modern professional life to endeavour the socio-cultural requisite of the globe and it is found that the 21st century educators can be an excellence in their self-perspectives to sense the world and make all feel to move.

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